3 edition of Review of implementation of the Healthy Forest Restoration Act of 2003 found in the catalog.
Review of implementation of the Healthy Forest Restoration Act of 2003
United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry. Subcommittee on Forestry, Conservation, and Rural Revitalization
|Series||S. hrg -- 108-688|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||iv, 112 p. :|
|Number of Pages||112|
These interventions are usually designed to accelerate natural succession or to bypass intermediate successional phases. The connections or barriers between neighbouring ecosystems have an effect on the resource balances and set limits on the communities that can be restored [ 50 ]. Among other things, the new stewardship contracting authority allows forest products to be exchanged for ecological restoration services, which may include thinning and removing brush. This chapter has three parts: an historical context for restoration, which differs geographically; a conceptual framework for understanding the relationship between degradation and restoration; and an attempt to define restoration terms within that framework. The fires were typically lit during the first storms of the winter and crept along the forest floor. To view this article, download the latest version of Adobe Acrobat Reader.
The strong emphasis of the BEF-approach on functional rather than taxonomic diversity may also be the beginning of a paradigm shift in restoration ecology, increasing the tolerance towards allochthonous species. American Forests, Washington, D. Sometimes they are a way of recognizing or honoring the sponsor or creator of a particular law as with the 'Taft-Hartley Act'. By the s, national forest and BLM lands were meeting about 25 percent of U. While a major effort has been made to accelerate the treatment of hazardous fuels over the last several years, most of this activity has been carried out under existing authorities, rather that those provided by HFRA HFI
From a historical standpoint looking to the Sierra Nevada Mountains prior to the inception of the Forest Service the forests were burned every year by the ranchers who ran livestock in these regions. But this is not normally the case, and often different provisions of the law will logically belong in different, scattered locations in the Code. The income of more than 1. Generall, restoration is seen as symmetric with degradation: an undisturbed forest in a natural or historical condition can be degraded, and a degraded forest can be restored to that natural or historical condition. Today, even though much of the harvest on national forest and BLM land is focused on thinning and fuels treatment activities in support of forest restoration and to reduce the risk of uncharacteristically severe wildfires, nonetheless these activities have been controversial and subject to the same process delays as projects designed to produce commercial timber.
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In particular in the light of global climatic change scenarios, which predict more frequent extreme disturbances and climatic events, it is important to incorporate insights from the relation between biodiversity and stability of ecosystem functioning into forest restoration projects.
November This corroborates the result of a meta-analysis of BEF experiments where it was found that high biodiversity treatments do not always outperform the best performing monoculture [ 55 ].
The process of incorporating a newly-passed piece of legislation into the Code is known as "classification" -- essentially a process of deciding where in the logical organization of the Code the various parts of the particular law belong.
Some of these regulatory changes include: 1 procedures which allow certain fuel-treatment and rehabilitation projects to proceed in compliance with NEPA, but with limited documentation termed categorical exclusions ; 2 joint Endangered Species Act ESA counterpart regulations by the Departments of the Interior, Agriculture, and Commerce that make the ESA consultation process more effective for fuels treatment projects; and 3 new stewardship contracting instruments that encourage integrated treatment of fuels in one operation, often using the value of removed timber to help fund treatment costs HFI Ogden, Utah.
Accelerated aggressive thinning across millions of acres of backcountry forests miles away from communities at risk to forest fires.
What is forest restoration?.
American Forests, Washington, D. Although the evidence only comes from grasslands and aquatic environments so far, it convincingly shows that species redundancy is unlikely to occur when several ecosystem functions and services are considered in combination [ 68 — 71 ].
Nor will a full-text search of the Code necessarily reveal where all the pieces have been scattered. Restoring stable forest functions requires multiple species The hypothesis that larger species diversity leads to higher stability of ecosystem functioning has been a point of debate for half a century, and it has re-emerged within the BEF framework [ 537475 ].
Exclusion of grazing animals may be an effective means for woodland restoration in degraded drylands, but only when soil moisture conditions also improve.
Here we provide an overview of important considerations related to forest restoration that can be inferred from this BEF-perspective. Washington, DC. Tree planting under facilitating nurse shrubs is a typical example of the community approach to forest restoration.
The connections or barriers between neighbouring ecosystems have an effect on the resource balances and set limits on the communities that can be restored [ 50 ]. DOI BLM Full Force and Review of implementation of the Healthy Forest Restoration Act of 2003 book Regulations The DOI BLM added regulations so wildland fire management decisions can be effective immediately when: Vegetation, soil, or other resources on public lands are at substantial risk of wildland fire because of drought, fuel buildup, or for other reasons, or Public lands are at immediate risk of erosion or other damage because of wildland fire.
There has been a risk that logging interests would enter these discussions and promote the removal of large diameter trees while neglecting the greater issue of ladder fuels such as brush and small treesbut Sierra Forest Legacy has worked hard to thwart such a possibility by taking an Review of implementation of the Healthy Forest Restoration Act of 2003 book role in this process by creating spearheading the creation of the Sierra Nevada Conservation Community Wildfire Protection Plan Guidebook which helps communities develop an effective plan which treats the dangerous fuels that are threatening the community while maintaining the ecological integrity of the surrounding forests and keeping the most fire resistant trees in the forest.
Vila et al. Stewardship contracting will increase as NEPA work is completed in Neil Sampson. Establishing short-rotation single- or multiple-species plantations on degraded soils, restoration plantings in secondary forests or assisted regeneration in selectively logged forest are a few examples of the wide spectrum of forest restoration approaches [ 31 ].
HFI Finally, also plant genetic diversity and above - below-ground linkages should be considered during the restoration process, as these likely have prominent but until now poorly understood effects at the level of the ecosystem.
Naeem [ 35 ] was the first to propose that restoration ecology may benefit from insights from the BEF framework, and this idea has been further elaborated by Wright et al.
The rule changes allow the DOI BLM to place wildland fire management decisions in effect immediately in certain situations and require the appeals board to decide appeals on a strict time schedule. Because different species often influence different ecosystem functions, focussing on one function in isolation will strongly underestimate the biodiversity required for maintaining an ecosystem with multiple functions, at multiple times and places in a changing environment [ 69 ].
Several modifications were made to the House-passed bill in a bi-partisan effort to gain the necessary votes. Visibility and air quality are reduced, threatening even the health of many who do not live near the fires.
So-called "Short Title" links, and links to particular sections of the Code, will lead you to a textual roadmap the section notes describing how the particular law was incorporated into the Code. Collaborative groups may allow for more input and influence on projects from the public than the normal NEPA process, despite the fact that projects under the act go through an expedited NEPA process.
Missoula, MT. Senate Agriculture Reforestation of degraded sites with trees that alter the physical and chemical characteristics of the soil and that affect the biochemical cycles through litter fall or root activity presents a typical example of the ecosystem approach to forest restoration [ 5152 ].Healthy Forest Restoration Act of Prescribed Fire (Pajutee )On December 3,President George Bush signed into law the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of (HFRA) in order to "reduce the threat of destructive wildfires while upholding environmental standards and encouraging early public input during review and planning processes.".
Forest Restoration Program What Is The Emergency Forest Restoration Program? The Emergency Forest Restoration Program (EFRP) helps the owners of non-industrial private forests restore forest health damaged by natural disasters.
The EFRP does this by authorizing payments to owners of private forests to restore disaster damaged forests. Healthy Forests Restoration Act () Salvage logging: Removal of dead trees following a natural disturbance: What 3 effects of removing dead trees have on an ecosystem: Snags (standing dead trees) provide nesting cavities for countless animals Removing timber from recently burned areas increases erosion and soil damage Promotes future fires.Governor’s Designations pdf the Healthy Forest Restoration Act Farm Bill.
Council on Forestry. August 1, exempt from administrative review, IF they meet a designation, healthy, forest, restoration, act, Wisconsin.Shown Here: Public Law No: (12/03/) Healthy Forests Restoration Act of - Download pdf I: Hazardous Fuels Reduction on Federal Land - (Sec.
) Directs the Secretary of Agriculture, with respect to National Forest System lands, and the Secretary of the Interior, with respect to public lands administered by the Bureau of Land Management, to plan and conduct hazardous fuel reduction.Nov 10, · We ebook from both Chief Bosworth and Assistant Secretary Scarlett ebook the Healthy Forests Restoration Act, which was enacted inhas helped mitigate the threat of catastrophic wildfire through hazardous fuels reduction, but that land managers need additional tools to address forest needs after a catastrophe does hit,” said Walden, co.